(Image courtesy of https://www.history.com.)

No one at the time in which they are living is able to label their generation for what it is; that's the job of the historians. Historians labeled the age of post-reformation thought the Enlightenment, also known as the "Age of Reason." This was an age when, as a society, human thought transcended all other abilities to determine truth. In many arenas, individual thinking was replacing the long established authority of the Western church in Europe. For example, during this time Charles Darwin promulgated his theory of evolution, using his reason and first-hand observations of the world to create his "logical" theory.